Africa is home to some of the deadliest snakes in the world. These venomous beauties are found all over the continent, from the lush forests to the arid savannas. It’s important to know which snakes to watch out for, especially if you’re planning on exploring the wilds of Africa. Here’s a guide to the most dangerous snakes in Africa.
1. Black Mamba
The black mamba is one of the most feared and venomous snakes in Africa. It’s also one of the fastest, capable of speeds up to 12 miles per hour. Its venom is highly toxic and can cause respiratory failure within minutes. The black mamba is found across sub-Saharan Africa, from Ethiopia to South Africa.
2. Puff Adder
The puff adder is responsible for more deaths from snake bites than any other snake in Africa. It’s a stout, heavy-bodied snake with a distinctive stocky head. Its venom causes severe pain, swelling, and necrosis. The puff adder can be found in almost all habitats in Africa, from deserts to forests.
3. Gaboon Viper
The Gaboon viper is one of the largest and most beautiful snakes in Africa. It has a broad and flat head with large fangs that are capable of injecting large amounts of venom. The venom of the Gaboon viper is highly toxic and can cause hemorrhaging, blistering, and tissue damage. The Gaboon viper is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, from Senegal to Kenya.
The boomslang is a highly venomous, arboreal snake that is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa. It has large, keeled scales and a characteristic thin, pointed head. Its venom causes bleeding and can be fatal if left untreated.
5. Cape Cobra
The Cape cobra is a highly venomous snake that is found in southern Africa. They are sleek and slender with a hood that they can flare out to intimidate predators. The venom of the Cape cobra can cause respiratory failure, paralysis, and death.
6. Mozambique Spitting Cobra
Found in southern Africa, the Mozambique spitting cobra is a highly venomous snake that can spit its venom up to six feet away. Its venom can cause severe pain, swelling, and blindness if it comes into contact with the eyes. The Mozambique spitting cobra can be found in savannas, forests, and suburban areas.
These are just a few of the most dangerous snakes found in Africa. It’s important to educate yourself on the native wildlife before embarking on any adventure in the wilds of Africa. Always be aware of your surroundings and keep a safe distance from any potentially dangerous animals. If bitten, seek medical attention immediately.