Discovering the Fascinating World of European Cat Snake: A Complete Guide - Snake

Discovering the Fascinating World of European Cat Snake: A Complete Guide


Europe is home to a diverse range of wildlife. While some of the animals are well-known and thoroughly documented, others are still a mystery, waiting for someone to discover them and learn more about their secrets. The European Cat Snake is one such creature. This fascinating and elusive snake is found in a range of habitats across Europe, from the rocky coasts of the Mediterranean to the wetlands of central Europe. This article will be a complete guide to discovering and getting to know the European Cat Snake.

Basic description

The European Cat Snake (Telescopus fallax) is a slender, non-venomous snake that typically measures around 75cm in length. Its distinguishing feature is the cat-like pupils in its eyes, which are vertically elongated and very impressive. Its coloring can vary but often includes shades of brown, olive, or gray with a subtle and attractive pattern of stripes running along its body.

Geographical range

The European Cat Snake can be found throughout Europe, from Portugal in the west to the Balkans in the east. They prefer warmer regions and are commonly found in rocky, dry terrain near the coast. They can also be found in grassland and forest habitats and occasionally in human settlements.

Behavior and diet

The European Cat Snake is a nocturnal and generally shy creature. It spends most of its days hiding in crevices, under rocks, and in other sheltered places. Its diet consists of small rodents, lizards, and insects. Its behavior can be unpredictable, and their response to predators typically ranges from trying to escape to remaining completely still.


The breeding season for European Cat Snakes begins in late spring, and they lay their eggs in early summer. Females can lay up to five eggs, which hatch after around 40 days. The hatchlings are thin and relatively short, measuring approximately 15cm in length.

Conservation status

The European Cat Snake is listed as a species of ‘least concern’ on the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List. However, as with many snake species, habitat loss and human activity such as road traffic pose a threat to the European Cat Snake’s population.

How to spot a European Cat Snake

The best time to spot a European Cat Snake is at night, when they become more active. That being said, be careful not to disturb them as they can spook easily and may even strike. If you’re lucky enough to find one, be sure to observe it from a safe distance and treat it with the respect it deserves.


The European Cat Snake is a fascinating creature that is often overlooked due to its elusive nature. Despite being found in much of Europe, there is much still to be learned about this species. With this complete guide, you now have all the knowledge you need to discover and appreciate the wonders of the European Cat Snake.

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