Exploring the Unique Characteristics of the File Snake: The Ultimate Guide - Snake

Exploring the Unique Characteristics of the File Snake: The Ultimate Guide


The file snake, also known as the African file snake or the horned adder, belongs to the Atractaspididae family. These snakes are characterized by their flattened body, triangular head, and unique horns located above their eyes. These snakes are mainly found in sub-Saharan Africa and are not commonly kept as pets due to their venomous nature and aggressive behavior.

In this ultimate guide, we will explore the unique characteristics of the file snake and provide insights into their habitat, diet, behavior, and reproduction.


File snakes are mainly found in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique. They prefer areas with rocky outcrops, savannas, and dry bushland. They are also known to inhabit areas near water sources such as rivers and streams.


File snakes are nocturnal and feed on a variety of prey including rodents, lizards, small mammals, and other snakes. They have been known to also eat birds and their eggs. File snakes kill their prey by injecting venom into them before swallowing them whole. Their venom is not lethal, but it can cause pain, swelling, and even paralysis.


File snakes are nocturnal and are rarely seen during the day. They are generally terrestrial and have been observed burrowing in the ground. When threatened, file snakes will hiss, vibrate their tails, and strike at their aggressor. These snakes are known for their aggressive behavior and are not recommended as pets. Encountering a file snake in the wild should be avoided as their venom can cause significant harm.


The file snake is an oviparous species, which means that they lay eggs. Females lay 3-5 eggs in the summer, and the young hatch after 50-70 days. The young file snakes are independent at birth and do not require parental care.

In conclusion, the file snake is a unique species that is mainly found in sub-Saharan Africa. Its triangular head, flattened body, and horns above its eyes make it easily distinguishable from other snakes. These snakes are mainly nocturnal, aggressive, and feed on a variety of prey. They are not recommended as pets due to their venomous nature and aggressive behavior.

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